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Your Spa Facial Questions …


Skin Care Terminology and Product Ingredients

To learn more about skincare products and esthetic terminology, please see our Esthetic Information Chart.  To learn more about Medical Spa Facial procedures please see Spavelous “Now You Are In the KnowMedical Spas More Than Meets The Eye

Many people have heard rumors about facials and are apprehensive to have one.  Here are some answers to the most asked questions.

Facial Questions



Who Gives A Facial?

A facial is given by a licensed esthetician who has received special training in skin care.  Estheticians may be a licensed cosmetologist as well, and are subject to the state regulations where they practice.  If you have questions about the facilities or esthetician license, you should contact your State Board of CosmetologyTop

How Often Should I Get A Facial?

Everyone should receive a facial every four to six weeks because that's how long it takes the skin to regenerate. A minimum would be to have facial at least four times a year, as the season changes. You may need it more frequently if you are trying to clear up a case of acne, especially at the beginning.  I prefer to have them monthly because it helps me to determine if my skincare products are being effective and my esthetician also assists in monitoring for any possible skin cancers or other abnormalities.  Top

Will I break out after a facial?

Breakouts rarely occur unless your skin is congested with blackheads or whiteheads underneath your skin. If this is the circumstance, you might experience some breakouts, nevertheless be assured they won’t last for long.  Top

At what age should I start receiving regular facials?

Your mid 20’s to early 30’s are ideal unless you began to experience breakouts at an earlier age. We believe in early skin care education as many teenagers suffer from problem skin that is best addressed early on, having a visit to an esthetician can help treat and correct the problem.  Top

Are scrubs bad for my skin?

Some can be, especially shell type particles like almond or apricot kernels scrubs which contain jagged edges and can harm the skin. Most professional exfoliators contain perfect round spheres that will exfoliate your skin without any harm. Top

Is they’re anything I can do to help my brown spots? 

Hyper-pigmentation can occur after sun exposure, pregnancy or taking birth control pills. Yes, there are many treatments available like peels, micro-dermabrasion along with home care programs that will help lighten your pigmentation.  Top

What’s the best way to prolong my facial?

We recommend being diligent with your home care program like cleansing, exfoliating, moisturizing and protecting. This will help your skin function properly and look its absolute best.   Top

What benefits can I expect from using products that contain vitamin A or C?

These vitamins are the most effective age defying ingredients. They are very effective antioxidants that help protect your skin against environmental pollutants that can damage your skin. Vitamin C aids in collagen synthesis, restoring suppleness and skin clarity while Vitamin A increases elasticity and moisture content.  Top

What functions is the skin responsible for?

The skin contains collagen and elastin which keep the skin flexible and firm; it also contains sebaceous glands, sweat glands, lymph vessels, hair follicles and nerves.  

Keratin layers in the epidermis together with sebum produced by the sebaceous glands act as a waterproof barrier.

Skin melanocytes protect the body from ultraviolet light; they are also responsible for the individual's skin color. The fatty tissue in the skin acts as a mechanical barrier to infections. It ultimately prevents microorganisms and other substances from entering the body.

The skin helps feel heat, cold, pain and other sensations. It regulates body temperature. Sweat glands help cool the skin when exposed to heat.

The skin excretes waste product and excess salt from the body through sweating. It also synthesizes Vitamin D in the presence of sunlight and ultra violet radiation.   Top

What are the things that negatively impact your skin’s appearance?

Several factors influence the skin’s appearance. Hygiene and diet are the main factors. Regular exercises and protecting the skin from the sun, wind and cold are also important. Smoking and drinking too much tea or coffee should also be avoided.

In addition, cosmetic and skin care products must be chosen with utmost care.

Many believe having less carbohydrate and fat in the regular diet helps having younger looking skin whereas consuming more fruits rich in antioxidants fights early aging.  In the Valentine’s issue of Spavelous “Now You Are in the Know” we learned that dark chocolate is great for your skin and can help to thicken your skin.   Top

 What is the impact of diet/nutrition on the skin?

A regular diet should consist of carbohydrate 50%, fat 30%, protein 20%, minerals and vitamins A, C and E. These three vitamins are more important because of their antioxidants properties which play an important role in skin health.  Top

 What are the different skin types? What is my skin type?

Different people have different types of skin, classified in 5 main groups: normal, oily, dry, mixed and sensitive skin.

Dry skin, is a fine-pored skin which looks dull at first glance. It has many fine wrinkles. It has thin and papery texture; it has excoliate, couperose and telangectasia and mili

The skin is rather rough to the touch. It has a sallow tone and is also easily irritated. After each wash the skin feels very tight.

Oily skin is shiny, greasy and prone to break out into acne quite often. It looks younger than its real age.

Large pores are the important feature of oily skin. Comedones or black pores and acne are visible. It is smooth and oily. After each wash the skin feels refreshed and by midday it looks shiny.

Mixed skin has the oily skins characteristics on the T-zone (frontal, nose and chin), while the cheeks (u-zone) are dry. After each wash some areas are smooth where as others are dry and rough.

Normal skin is neither dry nor greasy and is clear, pimple free, soft and smooth.

Sensitive skin is the most fragile kind of skin type. It is easily prone to irritation like stinging, chafing and even itching when it is touched or in contact with wind or cold weather. Such individuals often experience redness.

There is an easy way to determine ones skin type; for this one should wipe their face with a dry tissue when they wakes up in the early morning. For those having normal skin, the oil does not come on the paper and the face does not feel tight.

Oil is seen on the tissue in oily skin cases. When oil is only seen in the center part while the cheeks are dry, the person has mixed skin. For those who have dry or normal skin, there will be no oil on the tissue. Having the feeling of dryness after wiping the skin is the sign of having a dry skin.

Individuals with sensitive skin usually complain of experiencing redness, inflammation or even itch following an exposure to new skin-care products.

If you are still not sure, ask your esthetician or dermatologist.   Top

What should I do if I have oily skin?

This kind of skin is oil-rich and prone to pimples, spots and blackheads. Washing the skin with an appropriate cleanser several times a day, cleans and opens pores and prevents acne.

Anti-bacterial and antiseptic cleansers with the right pH balance are good for this kind of skin. A cleansing wash after wiping off make-up is a must.

The constant efforts to remove oil and frequent cleansings can dehydrate this type of skin therefore you should still moisturize.

You should use cosmetic or skin care products labeled as sebum control or shine control; they should use cleansing gels, foams, alcoholic tonics, or astringent cleansers.

You should use suitable oil free sunscreen. Oil-free or water based moisturizers and cleansers help restore the skin balance.

You should not cleanse your skins more than two or three times a day, as it conversely stimulates oil gland secretion. You should always clean their skin before going to bed.

If you are aged 40 and older, AHA products should be used at night, in order to prevent wrinkles.

Vitamin A capsules can be used to help control oil production. It is important for these individuals to have an oil-free diet containing large amounts of vegetables and water.   Top

 What should I do if I have dry skin?

Dry skin is sensitive to cold weather and sun. Using moisturizer during the day is very helpful. You should wear oily sunscreens.

They benefit from cleansing their skin with mild soaps with acidic pH, cleansing milk and alcohol free lotions or tonics.

Day care for the dry skin calls for the use of a creamy moisturizer with high Sun Protection Factor (SPF). A thick night cream can seal in the moisture and provide oil for the upper layers of the skin. Night cream has to be left on the skin throughout the night.

You should use eye counter creams at least two times a day. Using hydrating masks once or twice a week also helps restore the skin.   Top

What should I keep in mind when selecting cosmetic products? What are the adverse effects of cosmetics on the skin?

You should know your skin type before selecting any cosmetic products; for instance, oil free products are recommended for oily skin. The products should be FDA approved.

Inappropriate skin care products can be comedogenic and cause irritation or allergic reactions.   Top

What can I do to prevent signs of  skin aging and wrinkles?

The most important way to prevent skin aging and wrinkles is to protect the skin against sun, avoid smoking, exercising, adding fruit and vegetables to the regular diet, reducing stress, getting enough sleep and drinking at least six 8oz glasses of water a day. Using appropriate anti-wrinkle products can also help setback the aging process.   Top

What can I do about pimples and pigmentations? Are lightening products of any help?

There are no definite treatment for pimples and pigmentations; however, the color of these marks can be reduced using special methods.

Exfoliant or peeling products and every day cleaning of the skin is the best way to treat pigmentations; however, in the presence of inflammation (comedones), topical or oral antibiotics may be recommended by your dermatologist.

It is noteworthy that using a combination of peeling products and anti-pigmentation or lightening products and sunscreen significantly improves the outcome.   Top

What are peels good for?

Peeling is a beneficial treatment for hyper pigmentation and wrinkles.  Chemical peeling (AHA or TCA), physical peeling (microderm abrasion or laser) are different methods used to exfoliate skin layers; the method is usually chosen according to skin type.   Top

How should sunscreen be applied?

The sun is the most dangerous threat to the skin. So using sunblock is the first step in protecting the skin. Suitable skin product delay skin damage. Sunscreen should be used from childhood.

Sunscreen should be chosen based on skin type; it should provide the skin with anti-UVA, UVB and infra red protection.

If you are very active or out in the water, sunscreen should be water proof or water resistance so it does not wash off with sweating. In addition, it should not be absorbed by the skin, whereas it should be easily distributed on it.

Its SPF should be 20 or higher; sunscreen must be used 30 minutes prior to leaving the house and should be reapplied every 2 hours. It should be applied on all parts exposed to the sun, except for the eye contour. On a dally basis, I like to use a powder foundation that has an SPF of 20 per layer applied.   Top

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Disclaimer: Information on this web site was gathered from many sources in public domain such as published books, articles, studies and web sites. It is not intended to treat, diagnose, cure or prevent any disease. Please discuss your health conditions and treatments with your personal physician.




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