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Generic Names for Different Types of Facials -


While every spa has their own name for the different types of facials, Here are some of the most common types of facials you will find on a menu.

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Skin Care Terminology and Product ingredients
Acai A Brazilian Fruit That Is High In Nutrients And Antioxidants That May Be Used In Treatments To Slow The Signs Of Aging.
Acid Mantle The Natural Acidic Mantle Of The Skin That Helps Prevent Bacterial Invasion.
Acid Rinse A Solution Of Water And Lemon Juice Or Vinegar.
Acne   Is an inflammatory disease of the skin, caused by changes in the pilosebaceous units (skin structures consisting of a hair follicle and its associated sebaceous gland). Acne lesions are commonly referred to as pimples, spots, plooks or "zits". 
Acne skin care   All manner of treatments that treat the symptoms of Acne or the disease itself. 
Acne treatment   There is no known cure for Acne. Treatments exist that can temporarily relieve acne symptoms, such as pimples and zits. 
Actenic Keratosis Pre-Cancerous Growth That May Occur Because Of Repeated Sun Damage.
Active Ingredient According to the FDA, an active ingredient is any substance that is intended to furnish pharmacological activity or other direct effect that affects the structure or function of the body. Active ingredients include those components of the product that may undergo chemical change during the manufacture of the product and be present in the product in a modified form intended to furnish the specified activity or effect. 
Adenoma Sebaceum Small Tumor Of Translucent Appearance, Originating In The Sebaceous Gland.
Aftershave / After shave   is a lotion, gel, or liquid used mainly by men after they have finished shaving. 
AHA  Alpha hydroxyl acids or AHAs are commonly found in many different concentrations in various products.  The most common types are glycolic, lactic, malic, citric and tartaric acids which remove the topmost layer of the skin for a rejuvenated appearance.
Alakali A Substance That Is Used To Neutralize Acids And Is Used In The Soap Making Process.
Albino A Person Who Has No Pigmentation In The Eyes, Hair, Or Skin.
Algae The Terms Algae And Seaweed Are Often Used Interchangeably, Which Causes Some Confusion. Seaweeds Are Algae That Have A Particular Growth Form, But The Term Algae Also Includes A Wide Range Of Other Terrestrial And Aquatic Organisms With Different Evolutionary Histories. Algae Occur In All Marine And Terrestrial Ecosystems Of The World Wherever There Is Water.  Some forms of algae contain vitamins and minerals that help to soften and soothe the skin or antioxidants which are thought to have anti inflammatory effect deep within the skin s surface that promotes anti aging properties, including tissue regeneration.
Alginated Zinc Triplex A  Combination Of Hydrolyzed Algin (Which Is Derived From Brown Seaweed) And Zinc Sulfate To Reduce The Conditions Favorable To Acne By Helping To Regulate Sebum (Oil) Production, Destroy Acne Bacteria And Reduce Skin Inflammation.
Algotherapy The Application Of Thin Layers Of Heated Seaweed To The Skin To Reduce Pain And Inflammation. Infrared Lamps Maintain The Temperature Of The Seaweed. Primarily Brown Seaweeds Are Used In Algotherapy. After Being Washed And Rinsed, The Seaweed Is Processed And Preserved To Retain All Active Ingredients. The Function Of Algotherapy Is To Reduce Pain And Act As An Anti-Inflammatory Procedure. (Adapted From Www.Day-Spas.Org.)
Allantoin Found in the Comfrey Root, Allantoin is a bacteria inhibitor that helps soothe and reduce inflammation.   An Essential Extract Of The Comfrey Plant. An Unsurpassed Natural Healing Agent For The Skin. Has The Ability To Help Heal Minor Wounds And Skin Ulcers, And To Stimulate The Growth Of Healthy Skin Cells.
Allergy Tested Indicates that a controlled study in which human subjects are exposed to very large doses of a potential antagonist has been performed. The NIA 24™ products were allergy tested and no ingredients were shown to produce allergic reactions. 
Aloe Vera ( Aloe Barbadensus) A natural substance found in the aloe vera plant that is used for it's possible skin healing and  refreshing.   Habitat - Indigenous To East And South Africa, Mediterranean Countries And Tropical Or Subtropical Countries Including The West Indies, Mexico And Southern United States. Gel Cultivated In Texas And Florida. Appearance - Succulent Plants With Numerous Fleshy Leaves Which Protrude From The Upper Part Of The Root; Narrow, Tapering And Usually Beset At The Edges With Spiny Teeth. Flowers Are Erect Spikes. Clear Gel Is Characterized By Hair-Like Connective Veins. Odor Odorless To Slightly Vegetable Odor Aloe Gel Has Been Used For Centuries In Skin Care. Aloe Gel Has Produced Startling Results In Replenishing Lost Moisture From The Skin. When Applied To Skin Injuries, Minor Wounds, Chemical Or Radiation Burns, Poison Ivy, Rash, Etc., Aloe Vera Works Very Quickly With Dramatic Results. The Application Of Aloe Vera On Burns Produces Soothing Relief Immediately.
Alopecia A Skin Disease That Results In Baldness Or Very Thin Hair.
Alpha Bisobolol An effective ingredient with anti-microbial and anti-irritant properties. It soothes and hydrates the skin and is found in the NIA 24™ 100% Mineral Sunscreen SPF 30. 
Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHAs) Naturally-Occurring Acids Found In Sugar Cane And Citrus Fruit. Ahas Include Lactic Acid, Malic Acid, Citric Acid, Glycolic Acid, And Pyruvic Acid. Glycolic Acid Is The Most Popular Of The Ahas, Because It Has The Smallest Molecular Structure And Most Easily Penetrates Into The Skin’S Surface. Ahas Have The Ability To Remove And Loosen Cells From The Stratum Corneum (Skin Surface), Causing The Skin To Look Smoother And Making Wrinkles Less Noticeable. The Use Of Ahas Also Helps Retain Moisture In The Surface Layers Of The Skin.  Over-the-counter skin care products containing alpha-hydroxy acids (glycolic, lactic, tartaric and citric acids) have become increasingly popular over the last five years. In the U.S. alone, there are over 200 manufacturers of skin care products containing alpha-hydroxy acids. Creams and lotions with alpha-hydroxy acids may help with fine lines, irregular pigmentation and age spots, and may help decrease enlarged pores. Side effects of alpha-hydroxy acids include mild irritation and sun sensitivity. For that reason, sunscreen also should be used every morning. To help avoid skin irritation with alpha-hydroxy acids, it is advisable to start with a product with low concentrations of AHA Also, make sure you ease into it. You want to get your skin used to alpha-hydroxy acids, so you should only initially apply the skin care product every other day, gradually working up to daily application.
Alpha-Lipoic Acid You may have heard of alpha-lipoic acid as "the miracle in a jar" for its anti-aging effects. It's a newer, ultra-potent antioxidant that helps fight future skin damage and helps repair past damage. Alpha-lipoic acid has been referred to as a "universal antioxidant" because it's soluble in both water and oil, which permits its entrance to all parts of the cell. Due to this quality, it is believed that alpha-lipoic acid can provide the greatest protection against damaging free radicals when compared with other antioxidants. Alpha-lipoic acid diminishes fine lines, gives skin a healthy glow and boosts levels of other antioxidants, such as vitamin C.
Alternating Current A Rapid And Interrupted Current, Flowing First In One Direction And Then In The Opposite Direction.
Althea Root (Althea Officinalis)  Habitat - Northern Europe, Northern Great Britain, Scandinavia, Northern United States, In Marshes And In Moist Places. Appearance - Perennial Herb, Velvety And Hairy, Up To 5 Ft. Odor  Slightly Pungent And Mossy. Functional Benefits  Emollient, Soothing, Healant, Demulcent, Mucilaginous. Excellent In Therapeutic Type Skin Products.
Aminomethyl Propanediol A Substance That Is Used To Adjust Ph Levels In Cosmetics And Skin Care Products.
Anagen Phase The Early Phase Of The Hair Cycle When Hair Synthesis Takes Place.
Anaphoresis Liquids, Like Water Based Skin Care Products, Are Forced Into The Skin From The Negative Or Positive Pole Of A Galvanic Current Machine.
Angelica Root (Archangelica Officinalis)  Habitat - Cultivated In Europe And Native Or Northern Europe. Commercially Available Throughout The World. Also Grows Wild From Labrador To Minnesota In The U.S. Appearance - Stately (Up To 6 Ft.); Biennial Or Perennial Herb With Thick Hollow Stems, Toothed Leaflets And Large Rhizomes And Roots. Odor - Celery-Like Smelling Leaf Stalks. Roots Are Used As Flavorings For Gin And Various Liqueurs. Functional Benefits - Has Soothing Effects On Nerve Endings Of The Skin On Topical Applications.
Anthotherapy Treatment In Humid Or Dry Caves Where Temperature Is Determined By The Environment.
Anti aging cream   doesn't really make people younger, but it does rejuvinate the skin. 
Antiseptic An Agent That Prevents Or Arrests The Growth Of Microorganisms.
Anti-wrinkle cream   Does exactly what it suggests by moisturising the skin and reducing the death of epithilials. 
Arbutin A Natural Skin Lightening Agent Composed Of Glucose And Hydroquinone. It Is Extracted From Bearberry Plants.
Arnica Extract  A Herb Found In The Northern Hemisphere. The Dried Flower Heads Have Long Been Used As An Astringent And To Treat Skin Disorders. Has Been Used Externally To Treat Bruises And Sprains. Anti-Inflammatory And Soothing.
Aroma   An odor is a chemical dissolved in air, generally at a very low concentration, which humans and animals perceive by the sense of olfaction or smell. 
Aromatherapy The Use Of Essential Oils For Healing Body, Mind, And Spirit.
Ascorbic Acid And Ascorbyl Palmitate Vitamin C  A Preservative And Anti-Oxidant Used To Help Prevent Free Radical Damage In The Skin. The White Or Pale Yellow Powder Will Darken Slightly When Exposed To The Air.
Atomizer A Device That Breaks Down A Water Product Into A Fine Mist For Spraying Onto The Body.
Autologous Fat  Fat removed from one part of the body for re-injection into another for treatment of wrinkles and folds.
Avobenzone  A Revolutionary Development In Sunscreen Technology Approved By The Fda (Food And Drug Administration) In 1998. While Traditional Chemical Sunscreens Could Block Against Uvb (The "Burning Rays") And Uvaii Wavelengths, They Could Not Adequately Block Out Uvai Rays, The Ones Responsible For The Skin Damage That Results In Wrinkles, Hyper Pigmentation, Etc. Avobenzone-Containing Sunscreens (As Well As Physical Sunscreens) Now Offer Full Protection Against All Of The Sun'S Damaging Rays.
Avocado Oil  Rich In Vitamins A, D And E  Potassium, Sulfur And Chlorine. Rich And Penetrating Oil.
Ayurveda The Five Thousand Year-Old Medical System Of India. It Is Also A Philosophy That Offers Keys For Creating Harmony And Balance In Life.
Back Bar Spa And Skin Care Products Often Come In Two Sizes. The Larger Size Is Called The Back Bar And Is Used By A Therapist During Treatment. It Is Not Sold To Clients And Is Not Subject To The Same Labeling Requirements As Products Sold To The Public. The Smaller Size Is Sold In The Retail Area For Clients To Use For Home Care. Retail Items Must Meet The Food And Drug Administration'S Labeling Requirements For Cosmetics.
Balm   The word Balm is an abbreviation of Balsam, the best of sweet smelling oils. It is called this from its honey like sweetness It was held in high esteem by Paracelsus (a greek physician), who believed it would completely revivify a man. 
Balm Mint Extract  From The Leaves And Flowers Of The Balm Mint Plant, Melissa Officinalis. An Antibacterial And Anti-Inflammatory That Has A Calming, Soothing Effect On The Skin. Contains A Balsamic Essential Oil That Produces Antibacterial Ozone.
Balneotherapy The Ancient Use Of Waters To Restore And Revitalize The Body. It Has Been Used To Improve Circulation, Fortify The Immune System, Relieve Pain, And Treat Stress.
Barrier Function The Ability Of The Skin To Prevent Penetration By Microorganisms And Chemicals That Might Otherwise Damage Tissue Or Enter The Circulation. The Skin Also Reduces Water Loss.
Basalt A Type Of Igneous Rock Formed From The Solidification Of Molten Magma. Because Magma Cools Quickly On The Earth'S Surface, It Generally Has Microscopic Crystals And A Smooth Texture. Basalt Holds Heat Better Than Many Rock Types, And So Is One Of The Best Types Of Rock For Stone Massage.
Basil Oil  Compresses Of Basil Have Long Been Used To Calm Inflammation And Swelling Of The Skin.
Bearberry Extract That Is More Stable Than Synthetically-Derived Hydroquinone. Used In An Encapsulated Liposomal Form That Delivers The Active Ingredients Directly To The Cellular Level. Fades Hyperpigmentation Spots On The Skin By Interfering With Melanin Synthesis.
Beeswax  From Virgin Bees And Used As An Emulsifier. Yellow Beeswax Is From The Honeycomb And Is Soft With A Honey-Like Odor.
Bentonite Clay  A White Clay Found In North America. Oil Absorbing And Cleansing, It Is Used For Its Excellent Refining Action On Enlarged "Pores" And Oily Areas Of The Skin.
Benzophenone And Octyl Methoxycinnamate  Two Ultra-Violet Sunscreens Which Absorb Radiation In The Erythemal Range 290 To 315Nm. Allows Radiation In The Tanning Range Of 315 To 400Nm. Benzophenone Is A Soluble Sunscreen Agent And As Such, Is Used In All Emulsions And Solutions In The Bio-Logics® Line. Possible Prevention Of Skin Cancer, Premature Aging Effects And Premature Wrinkling May Be Some Of The Effects Of Sun Screening Agents.
Benzoyl Peroxide  An Oxygen Releasing Chemical Which Causes Drying, Peeling And Antibacterial Action On The Skin. Used For Acne Lesions, Benzoyl Peroxide Is The Number One Acne Medication Recommended By Doctors. The Release Of Oxygen Is Important To Combat The Anaerobic Bacteria Present In The Acne-Affected Follicles. The Peeling And Drying Effects Peel The Acne Pustules And Open Up The Comedones.
Beta-Carotene A natual chemical found in carrots, beta-carotene is converted to vitamin A, or retinol, which is an antioxidant that helps to reduce the effects of sun damage.
Beta-hydroxy Acid (Salicylic Acid) Salicylic acid also has been studied for its effect on skin that has aged prematurely due to exposure to ultraviolet rays from the sun. It exfoliates skin, and can improve the texture and color of the skin. It penetrates oil-laden hair follicle openings and, as a result, also helps with acne. There are many skin care products available that contain salicylic acid. Some are available over-the-counter and others require a doctor's prescription. Studies have shown that salicylic acid is less irritating than skin care products containing alpha-hydroxy acids, while providing similar improvement in skin texture and color.
Biodegradable  A material that naturally breaks down in the body, such as hyaluronic acid.
Bioflavonoids  Naturally Found Throughout The Plant Kingdom. Clinical Studies Have Demonstrated That Bioflavonoids Reduce Edema Which Is Partly Ascribed To A Protective Effect On The Capillary Endothelium And Partly To An Improved Velocity And Volume Of Blood Flow. Hence One Can Say, Bioflavonoids Help Reduce Inflammatory Edema While Stimulating Circulation.
Bisabolol  A Myrrh-Type Gum Resin Obtained From African Trees. Reduces Sensitivity And Inflammation. Soothing And Vaso-Constrictive.
Blush   To deepen flesh tones with paint giving a brighter, healthier looking color. 
Body care   This relates to skin and hair care, more then it does the rest of one's body. 
Body cream   Special lotion that can be used to moisturise the entire body instead of just specific areas of the body. 
Body Polish The Use Of Salt, Sugar, Ground Nuts, Pumice, Or Other Granular Substances In An Emollient Base To Exfoliate Skin. Polishes And Rejuvenates The Skin At The Same Time.
Body Scrub Any Exfoliating Procedure Using Either A Dry Brush Or Products Such As Salt, Oatmeal, Almond Paste, Pumice, Algae, Or Gels.
Bois De Rose Oil  Used For Many Skin Problems From Irritation And Dryness To Puffiness And Congestion. It Is Extracted From The Rosewood Tree.
Botanical   Botany is the scientific study of plantlife. It is generally related to herbology as well. 
Botulinum Toxin  A neurotoxin which, when used in very low doses, relaxes or temporarily paralyzes the contractive muscles which cause frown lines.  Treatment is non-surgical in the form of injections which smooth deep persistent lines between brows or in the forehead.  Botulinum toxins paralyze facial muscles, whereas hyaluronic acid fills in the space beneath wrinkles.  Each acts in a different way, but may be used to complement each other.
Broad Spectrum Protection With regard to sun protection, the phrase indicates that a product shields against UVA as well as UVB rays.  
Bromelain  A Proteolytic Enzyme (Digests Proteins), Obtained From The Pineapple Plant, A Perennial Herb With Many Varieties. The Bromelain May Be Derived From Either The Stem Or The Fruit Juices. Bromelain Hydrolyzes Proteins And Digests Dead Cells On The Surface Of The Skin.
Brossage Brushes And Salicyclic Salt Are Used To Polish The Body, Producing A Fine Skin Texture.
Brushing Machine Brushes Rotate At Different Speeds To Slough Off Dead Cells And Grime That Cling To The Surface Of The Skin.
Burdock Extract  Extracted From The Root And Used For Its Healing Properties On Acne Skin. Excellent As A Cleansing Extract On Oily Skin Conditions And Extremely Effective On Refining And Clearing The Skin.
Cajeput Oil  Extracted From The Plant, Melaleuca Leucodendron. Used For Its Antiseptic And Analgesic Properties.
Calendula Extract  Derived From The Dried Flowers Of Golden Marigolds. Used To Soothe Inflammation Of The Skin And Mucous Membranes. Calendula Extract Is Used In Herbology To Reduce Body Scars, Soothe Chapped Skin And Eliminate Broken Capillaries. Considered To Be An Excellent Remedy For Red Eyes And Any Skin Abrasions Or Soreness.
Calendula Flowers (Calendula Officinalis) Habitat  Cultivated In Europe And North America; Commercially Throughout The World. Appearance Pale Green Leaves, Golden Orange Florets; In Yellow, Orange And Red Varieties. Odor  Pleasant, Mild Floral, Depending On Variety. Aromatic When Used In Cooking. Functional Benefits Soothing, Anti-Inflammatory, Healant, Used In Ointments For Cuts, Bruises, Sores And Burns; Has Detergent And Cleansing Properties, As An Astringent And Refresher.
Camellia Oleifera A tea-oil that is believed to have potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anticarcinogenic properties.
Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Found in the leaves of green tea, it is a strong antioxidant 
Camphor  A Cooling And Antiseptic Extract, With Firming And Toning Properties To The Skin. Extracted From The Bark Of 50 Year Old Trees In China, Borneo And Japan.
Carnauba Wax  Extracted From The Leaves Of The Brazilian Wax Palm Tree. Emollient And Moisturizing And Used For Its Skin Protectant Properties.
Castor Oil  The Seed Of The Castor Oil Plant, Extracted From The Bean. Soothing And Emollient To The Skin.
CE Approved  A CE Mark means that the product complies with the requirements specified in the EU Medical Device Directive and that the product has been approved for sale within Europe.
Cedarwood Oil  Extracted From The Plant, Junipius Virginiana. Stimulating, Antiseptic And Revitalizing, The Oil Is Used For Sluggish And Sallow Skins To Stimulate Blood Circulation And Oxygenation.
Cellex-C  A cosmetic product brand known for their performace enhancers. 
Ceramides Naturally occurring skin lipids that are major structural components of the skin's outer epidermal layers. 
Cetyl Alcohol  A Fatty Alcohol Which Is In The Form Of A Waxy Crystalline. Used For Its Lubricating And Emollient Properties In Skin Moisturization.
Chamomile An herb with anti-irritant, soothing, and antioxidant properties.
Chamomile Extract  Extracted From The Daisy-Like White And Yellow Heads Of The Chamomile Flowers. Popular As An Excellent Skin Soother And Anti-Inflammatory Agent. Reputed To Bring Down Swelling And Pain In The Skin And Mucous Membranes. Used Extensively In Professional Skin Care As A Herbal Extract And For Its Essential Oil Called Azulene.
Chamomile Flowers (Matricaria Chamomilla)  Habitat- Europe, Great Britain, The Temperate Region Of Asia, North Africa, North America. Appearance A Low-Growing Plant, Characterized By Little Flowerheads And Numerous Tubular Yellow “Rays.” Odor- Aromatic, Strong Scent; Used As A Fragrance Component. Functional Benefits Soothing, Sedative, Softening, Calmative, Anti-Inflammatory, Sun Protecting, Wound Healant.
Chamomilla Recutita (Matricaria) Herb that has been shown to have anti
Chemical Bath Natural Or Artificial Salt Baths Aid In Treatment Of Fractures, Dislocations, And A Variety Of Illnesses. Oxygen Introduced Into The Bath Through Tubes Along The Tub Bottom Has A Soothing Effect And Is Useful With Hypertension, Cardiac Disease, And Insomnia. Carbon Dioxide Baths May Help Slow The Heart Rate And Regulate Blood Pressure. Recommended Water Temperatures And Soaking Times Vary According To The Specific Chemicals Introduced.
Chemical Peel Application Of Product To The Skin To Remove Dead Or Damaged Cells Of The Epidermis, Improving Skin Texture, And Decreasing Fine Lines And Wrinkles. The Term Peel Is Misleading As The Procedure Is Not Intended To Remove Live Tissue, Only Dead, Or Damaged Cells From The Stratum Corneum (Skin Surface). Deeper Penetrating Procedures With High Concentrations Of Exfoliating Chemicals Are Intended For A Dermatologist’S Use.   The application of a chemical solution to improve the texture of facial skin by removing its dulled or damaged outer layers.  Phenol, trichloroacetic acid (TCA) and high strength Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHA) are often used for this purpose.
Chinese Schizandra Berry (Schizandra Chinensis)  Like Ginseng, Schizandra Is An Adaptogenic Agent That Improves Overall Health And Is Specifically Indicated Function (Lethargy). Research On This Plant Has Focused On The Forty Active Lignans, A Type Of Plant Carbohydrate, Found In This Species. These Compounds Have Demonstrated Greater Antioxidant Properties Than Both Vitamins C And E In Fighting Free Radicals, Hence The Claims That Chinese Schizandra Is Anti-Carcinogenic And Anti-Mutagenic.
Citric Acid Found in citric fruits and used to adjust the pH of products to prevent them from being too alkaline. 
Citrus Nobilis (Mandarin Orange) Peel Extract Essential oil from the mandarin orange peel that is used as a natural fragrance. 
Claustrophobia The Fear Of Being Enclosed In Narrow Spaces. During A Body Wrap, A Client May Experience Claustrophobia And The Therapist Must Always Be On Hand To Remove Them The Client From The Wrap Quickly.
Clay A Variable Group Of Fine-Grained Natural Materials That Is Usually "Plastic" When Moist And Are Mainly Mineral In Composition.
Cleanser   Skin cleaner, designed to remove old cosmetics, dead skin and dirt from skin. 
Cleansing gel   Skin cleaner in the form of a gelatenous cream. 
Cleansing milk   White visous liquid designed to wash away dirt, grime and dead skin. 
Cleansing oil   Essential oils designed to clean and moisturise the skin. 
Clove Oil Extracted  From The Plant, Eugenia Caryophyllata. Used For Its Anti-Inflammatory Properties.
Cold Plunge Deep, Cold Water Pool Plunge Causing Rapid Contraction Of The Capillaries; Stimulates Circulation After Sauna.
Collagen  A protein forming the structural grid that holds other skin structures within the middle layer of the skin. Is The Major Fibrous Protein Of The Extracellular Connective Tissues And Comprises From 25% To 35% Of Our Body'S Protein. Soluble Collagen Can Be Compared To A Sponge Because Of Its Ability To Trap Water In Its Intercellular Spaces. As Collagen Ages, The Fibres Aggregate Into Larger Collagen Strands And Become Less Soluble. This Less Soluble Condition, Plus The Addition Of Calcium Deposits, Squeezes The Moisture Out, Induces Further Aggregation Of Collagen And Causes Shrinkage Of The Fibre Length. The Net Result Is A Loss Of Skin Turgor And The Formation Of Wrinkles. During The Formation Of Soluble Collagen And The Collagen Fibre, Glycosaminoglycans Become Bound To The Peptide Chains. These Promote The Ability Of Collagen To Retain Water By Holding The Soluble Fibres Apart
Cologne   Is perfume designed for MEN. Musky odors fit men better then soft aromas that fit women better. 
Colonic Process That Irrigates And Cleanses The Colon And Is Reported To Aid In Detoxification.
Color, Fragrance and Dye Free Added colors, fragrances and dyes are known to be common skin irritants. 
Coltsfoot Herb (Tussilago Farfara)  Habitat- Introduced To North America From Europe. Now Cultivated And Growing Wild From Newfoundland To New Jersey, And West To Minnesota. Grown In Damp, Clay-Like Ground. Appearance  The Plant Leaf Is Shaped Like A Colt'S Hoof, Hence The Name. Stout Leaves With Bright Yellow Flowers Characterize. Odor  Raw Potato, Marshy, Mossy Odor, Vegetable-Like Odor. Functional Benefits- Conditioning, Moisturizing. Contains  Silica And Cystine, Important Amino Acids To Maintain Healthy Skin.
Comedogenic A Product Applied To The Skin That Includes An Ingredient Which Increases The Accumulation Of Dead Cells Within The Follicles (Increased Retention Hyperkeratosis), Leading To Blackhead Formation And Acne Flare-Ups.
Comfrey  Highly-Prized In The Middle Ages For It'S Healing Properties, Comfrey Helps To Reduce Skin Inflamation, Soothe Irritation And Improve Skin Texture.
Comfrey Leaves (Symphytum Officinale)  Habitat- A Native Of Europe And Temperate Asia, Common Throughout Great Britain, On The Banks Of Rivers And Watery Places. Appearance  A Rough Plant Covered With Bristly Hairs On The Stem, Which Stands 2-3 Feet High. Paired Purple Flowers Taper Down And Grow On One Side Of The Stem, Much Resembling The Herb Foxglove. Odor  A Nondescript Green Note. Functional Benefits Astringent, Cleansing, A Healant To Rough And Abused Skin, Anti-Inflammatory. Wound Healing Due To Natural Allontoin, Carotene And Mucco-Polysaccharides.
Coneflower Extract  Extracted From The Native American Plant, Echinacea Angustifolia, Coneflower Extract Was Originally Used As An Antidote For Snake Bites And Other Venomous Conditions. The Juice Of The Root Was Used To Heal Burns And Soothe Topical Pain. Coneflower Extract Has Been Clinically Demonstrated To Aid In Healing And Act As An Anti-Inflammatory Agent.
Contrast Bath A Contrast Bath Is Designed To Stimulate Local Circulation By Surrounding Parts Of The Body With Water At Different Temperatures. A Contrast Bath Normally Involves Two Large Containers, Each Large Enough To Hold Two Legs. One Container Is Filled With Cold Water (50ºf-60ºf) And Another With Hot Water (100ºf-110ºf). Treatment Is Short, With The Client First Placing The Leg Or Legs Into The Hot Water For Four To Six Minutes, Then Into The Cold Water For One To Two Minutes. Dipping Can Be Repeated For Five To Ten Transfers.
Copper Peptide Copper peptide is often referred to as the most effective skin regeneration product, even though it's only been on the market since 1997. Here's why: Studies have shown that copper peptide promotes collagen and elastin production, and also acts as an antioxidant. It also promotes production of glycosaminoglycans (think hyaluronic acid, as an example). Studies have also shown that copper-dependent enzymes increase the benefits of the body's natural tissue building processes. The substance helps to firm, smooth, and soften skin, doing it in less time than most other anti-aging skin care products. Clinical studies have found that copper peptides also remove damaged collagen and elastin from the skin and scar tissue because they activate the skin's system responsible for those functions.
Corn Cob Meal  A Finely Milled Powder From Corn Cobs. The Extremely Fine Milling Of The Meal Ensures That No Harsh Abrasiveness Is Left In The Action Of This Exfoliant. Gives Complete Cell Debris Removal Without Drying Or Scratching.
Corn Oil Obtained From Wet-Milling The Grain Of "Zea Mays" (Indian Corn) Used As An Emollient And Softener.
Cornflower Extract Used As An Anti-Inflammatory Extract, And Obtained From The Flowers Of The Plant. Very Soothing And Sedating To The Skin And Mucous Membranes. Similar In Action To The Essential Oil Of Chamomile Called Azulene. Often Used Around The Eye Area As An Anti-Red Measure.
Coromandels  This is a brand of women's perfume from the brand Chanel. 
Cosmetics   Are substances used to enhance or protect the appearance or odor of the human body. Cosmetics include skin care creams, lotions, powders, perfumes, lipsticks, fingernail and toenail polishes, eye and facial makeup, permanent waves, hair colors, hair sprays and gels, deodorants, baby products, bath oils, bubble baths, bath salts, butters and many other types of products. 
Crenotherapy All Types Of Treatment Carried Out With Mineral Water, Mud, And Vapor.
Crow's Feet These lines radiate outward from the corners of the eyes. Also known as periorbital lines.
Cryogenic Product A Product That Cools The Body Area To Which It Is Applied. These Products Are Sometimes Used For Cellulite Treatments And Sometimes Used For Sore Muscles, Because They Stimulate Circulation.
Cryotherapy The Therapeutic Application Of Cold Temperatures.
Cucumber Extract  Extracted From The Succulent Fruit Of The Vine And Used For Its Tightening Properties. Imparts A Cool Action And An Anti-Inflammatory Action To The Tissues.
Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract Contains natural acids that help to loosen the bonds of dead skin cells from the surface. It also acts as a skin toner, and helps to keep skin soft and white while providing a natural sunscreen.
Cypress Oil  Soothing And Calming. Reduces Circulation And Has Vaso-Constrictive Properties.
Damiana Leaf (Turnera Diffusa)  Damiana Leaf, Used By Indians For Hundreds Of Years, Is Used As An Anti-Depressant And To Restore Nervous System Balance.
Dandelion Root & Leaf Extract ( Taraxacum Officinalis)  Standardized; Described As A "Simple Bitter," Dandelion Is Used To Treat Many Types Of Digestive Dysfunctions. It Is Said To Have A Restorative Effect On The Liver, Gallbladder And Spleen. Dandelion Is Also An Excellent Choice As A Diuretic Because It Does Not Deplete The Body'S Potassium Balance Like Most Diuretics.
Day Cream   For normal, dry or sensitive skin A light, versatile cream with a refreshing scent. Hydrates and protects the skin. 
Dermabrasion  A technique in which a special instrument exfoliates the upper layers of skin to smooth its surface.  A Dermatological Surgical Procedure Using A Rotating Instrument That Sands The Skin, Reducing Scarring And Some Wrinkles. This Procedure Requires Intense Pre- And Post-Operative Care.
Dermaxyl® Peptide Complex A peptide complex that stimulates cell communication and repairs age-related skin damage, to produce anti-aging, wrinkle smoothing and cutaneous skin barrier repair. 
Dermis  The middle layer and support structure of the skin. This layer contains blood vessels, nerve endings, hair follicles, and sweat glands.
Desquamation The last phase of the skin's natural cell turnover cycle, in which dead skin cells are shed or detach from the outer layers of the skin. 
Detoxification A Body Cleansing To Remove Toxins Accumulated By Over-Taxing The Body With Addictive Habits, pollution, sugars and other toxic substances.
Diatomaceous Earth  A Porous And Pure Form Of Silica Formed From Fossil Remains Of Algae. Absorbs Up To Four Times Its Own Weight In Water. Sets And Gels On The Skin Surface When Used In Masques.
Dihydroxyacetone  Obtained From Glycerol, Used To Artificially "Tan" Skin. Reacts With Amino Acids In Skin To Provide Natural Looking Suntanned Appearance.
Dihydroxyacetone (Dha) The Component In Autotanning Products That Causes The Skin Cells To Change Color And Appear Tanned.
Dimethicone  An Organic Silicone, Used As A Skin Protectant And Moisturizer. Found Naturally In Horsetail Herbal Extract, Silicones Form A "Mesh" Over The Skin And Slow Down Transepidermal Moisture Loss From The Skin. Well Tolerated By Even The Most Sensitive Skins, They Have A Filming Action On The Skin Surface And Smooth Fine, Dry Lines.  Type of silicone that feels like silk on the skin, even when skin is wet. It is also used for improving the appearance of scars.
Dimethiconol Type of silicone that feels like silk on the skin, even when skin is wet. It is also used for improving the appearance of scars. 
Disinfectant A Chemical That Destroys Harmful Microorganisms; Usually Used On Inanimate Objects Such As Floors, Wall, And Countertops.
Dissolving Exfoliants Dissolving Exfoliants Are Composed Of Alpha-Hydroxy Acids (Ahas) And Beta-Hydroxy Acids (Bhas). Ahas Include Glycolic, Citric, Lactic, And Malic Acids. The Most Widely Used Bha In Cosmetics Is Salicylic Acid Or Its Related Substances, Sodium Salicylate, And Willow Extract.
DMAE (Dimethylaminoethanol) If you've heard of fish referred to as brain food, you can thank DMAE. This substance is naturally produced in the brain, but DMAE is also present in anchovies, salmon and sardines, boasting the production of acetylcholine, which is important for proper mental functions. DMAE in skin care products shows remarkable effects when applied topically to skin, resulting in the reduction of fine lines and wrinkles.
Dosha One Of Three Subtle Energies (Vata, Pitta, Kapha) That Hold Together Two Of The Five Elements.
Double Cross-Linked Hyaluronic Acid (DXL™) Exclusively found in Puragen™.  DXL technology is a process that allows Puragen to resist the breakdown in the body that is associated with single cross-linked hyaluronic products.
Dry Brushing Dry Brushing With A Massage Brush, Glove, Or A Rough Towel Improves The Skin’S Circulation. Brushing Is Performed In A Specified Manner From The Feet Upward And Leaves The Skin Slightly Red, But Not Damaged. Followed By Hydrating Oils Or Moisturizers. May Be Used As A Precursor To Other Treatments.
Dry Room A Treatment Room In Which There Is No Shower Or Hydrotherapy Equipment. Instead, Hot Towels Are Used To Remove Products From The Client'S Body Or Clients Take Showers In A Different Area.
Dulse Scrub Powdered Dulse Seed Combined With Water Or Oil Is Used To Scrub The Body, Eliminating Dead Skin And Leaving A Smooth Surface. This Also Serves As A Vitamin/Mineral Treatment. Gentle Enough For Sensitive Skin.
Eau de Cologne   Eau de Cologne (French for "water of Cologne") is a type of light perfume that originated in Cologne, Germany and is defined by its typical concentration of about 2 to 5% essential oils. 
Effleurage Firm Or Light Soothing, Stroking Movement That Doesn'T Drag The Skin; Employed In Massage, Using Either Padded Parts Of Fingertips Or Palms.
Egg Oil  Natural Mixture Of Fat Soluble Emollients And Emulsifiers, Extracted From The Whole Egg. Mixture Of Phospholipids, Fatty Acids And Cholesterol. Provides Excellent Emollient Properties. Protects Against Dehydration And Has Lubricating And Anti-Friction Properties On The Skin.
Elastin  A protein in the skin that helps maintain resilience and elasticity.
Elder Flowers (Sambucus Canadesis)  Habitat- All Over Europe And Introduced To The Americas. The Canadensis Species Is Native To North America And The Part Used Is The Flower. European Species Nigra Is Mainly Cultivated For Its Berries For Use In Elderberry Wine, An Old European Tradition. Appearance - Sambucus Canadensis Is A Tall Shrub, Up To 10 Ft. Tall, With Small White Flowers And Purple-Black Berries. Odor - Fragrant, Light Green Note, Pleasant Vegetable Odor. Functional Benefits - Extracts Of Flowers Are Used As Fragrance Components And, Because Of Their Slightly Astringent Nature, Are Used In Under-Eye And Other Skin Products. Elder Is A Cleanser And Moisturizer To The Skin And Hair.
EMLA  A topical anesthetic which can be applied to a treatment area prior to injection.
Emollient A Substance That Softens The Skin By Slowing The Evaporation Of Water.
Emulsion A Mixture Of Two Or More Liquids In Which One Is Present As Microscopic Droplets Distributed Throughout The Other.
Enzymatic Exfoliation Exfoliation That Relies On Biological Action Rather Than Physical Abrasion. This Type Of Exfoliation Is Applied To The Skin And Then Rinsed Off. The Enzymes Used Dissolve Keratin In The Skin, Thereby Removing Dead Cells And Supporting The Natural Process Of Exfoliation. Papain From Papaya Is An Example Of One Of These Enzymes.
Enzyme Peel A Body Exfoliation Treatment That Uses Ingredients Such As Protein Enzymes Or Alpha Hydroxy Acids (Ahas) That Chemically Dissolve Dead Skin Cells Without The Surface Abrasive Action Of Other Body Exfoliation Treatments. Ahas Are Naturally-Occurring Acids Found In Sugarcane And Citrus Fruit. Glycolic Acid Is The Most Popular Of The Ahas Because It Has The Smallest Molecular Structure. The Enzyme Peel Is Typically Applied As A Body Mask And Provides A Period Of Relaxation For The Client Until The Treatment Is Rubbed Or Washed Off, Depending On The Product Manufacturer’S Instructions.
Epidermis  The outer layer of the skin.
Essential Oils Volatile Plant Oils, Extracted From Certain Aromatic Plants, That Have Both Physiological And Psychological Effects On The Human Body.
Esthetics The Application Of Various Techniques To The Epidermal Layer Of The Human Body. Application Of Esthetic Techniques May Include, But Is Not Limited To, Facial Steaming, Exfoliation, Waxing, Pore Cleansing, Extraction, And Chemical Peels. This May Also Include Instructing The Client In Maintenance Skin Care And How To Apply Makeup Skillfully To Conceal Scars And Imperfections. The Use Of Creams, Lotions, Wraps, Clay Or Gel Masks, Etc., May Also Be Included, As Well As Use Of The Electric Pulverizer, Spray Machine Or Atomizer, Brushing Machine, Galvanic Current, Microdermabrasion, And Other Device Driven Noninvasive Cosmetic Procedures. Esthetic Practice Specifically Excludes Diagnosis, Prescription, Or Any Other Service, Procedure, Or Therapy That Requires A License To Practice Dermatology Or Any Other Profession Or Branch Of Medicine.
Eucalyptus Oil  A Strong Antiseptic With Healing And Stimulating Properties. A Vaso-Dilator That Improves Blood Circulation.
Evening Primrose Oil  An Essential Fatty Acid Oil, Rich In Gamma-Linoleic And Gamma-Linolenic Acids. Also Known As Vitamin Ff. Hydrating To The Skin, It Helps Restore The Moisture And Lipid Balance To Dry Skin Conditions.  An ingredient found to have anti-inflammatory and emollient benefits for the skin. As one of the secondary active ingredients in the NIA 24™ Skin Strengthening Complex it helps provide moisture to the skin. 
Exfoliation Improving Circulation While Removing Dead Skin Cells. Pressure Used In The Process Can Contribute To Relaxation.
Exfoliator  Is a skin treatment where the layers of dead skin cells are sloughed off by a loofah sponge, sea salt, brush, or by other means. 
Extraction The Process Of Removing Sebum, Bacteria, Dead Cells, And Other Waste From The Skin Follicle.
Eye care   any medicine o treatments that exist for the sole purpose of healing the human eye. 
Eyecolor / Eye color   The color of the iris. The circle of color surrounding the pupil. 
Eyeliner   A form makeup that is applied to the lower eye lid to emphasize the shape of the eyes. 
Eyeshadow / Eye Shadow   A form of makeup consisting of a cosmetic substance used to darken the upper and or lower eye lids. 

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